In Clay Jars
Clay jars have been used for centuries to house bees. This provides archaeologists with an indirect clue about the significance of bees and bee products in various cultures around the world. For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, researchers at Goethe University were able to identify beeswax residues on 3500-year-old potsherds from the Nok culture.
The Nok culture in central Nigeria is one of the oldest cultures in Africa, with clay jar sculptures dating back to 1500 BCE. Today, these jars are no longer used as beehives, but they remain an important part of Nok culture and history.