And whether they succeed is entirely up to an unpredictable public. “You can never know what the public at any given moment is going to find exciting or sensationally appealing,” says David Cook, a professor of film studies at Emory University. So how do movie makers increase their odds of success? To answer, we first need to understand a few basics about how films are made.
Pre Production: Laying The Groundwork
project, preparation is the key. The hope is that every naira spent in preproduction will save many more times that amount during filming.
puts the story into script form. The script, also called the screenplay, may be revised numerous times before the final version called a shooting scripts produced. The shooting script contains the dialogue of the film as well as a brief description of the action that will take place. It also provides guidance for technical details, such as camera direction and transitions between scenes.
Big Names Can Attract Investors.
famous actor or actress. Having a known director and a top-name star will create box-office appeal when the film is released. Yet, even at this initial stage.
of the film, particularly those that involve action. Serving as a blueprint for the cinematographer, the storyboard saves much time during filming. As director and screenwriter Frank Darabont says, “There’s nothing worse than standing around on the set wasting your shooting day trying to figure out where to put the camera.”
travel be required? How will interior sets be built and designed? Will costumes be needed? Who will handle lighting, makeup, and hair? What about sound, special effects, and stunt work? These are just a sampling of the many aspects
of movie making that need to be considered before a single frame of film is shot. Watch the closing credits of a big budget film, and you may find that hundreds of people were involved behind the scenes! “It takes a city of people
to make a feature film,” says one technician who has worked on numerous movie sets.
Production—Putting It On Film
stars may spend several hours being made ready for the camera. Then a long day of filming begins.
scenes in a movie are filmed with a single camera, and as a result, the scene will be done over and over again for each camera angle. Additionally, each shot may need to be done repeatedly to get the best performance or to correct a technical problem. Each of these attempts at filming is called a take. For bigger scenes, 50 or more takes may be required! Later—usually at the end of each shooting day—the director views all the takes and decides which ones
should be saved. In all, the process of filming may take weeks or even months.
Post Production: The Pieces Come Together
prominence in today’s films. “The movie industry is now demanding more original soundtrack music than ever
blockbuster or a bomb or something in between. But more is at stake than naira and kobo. A series of failures can ruin an actor’s prospects for work and destroy the reputation of a director. “I had seen several of my contemporaries
fall away after a couple of misses,” says director John Boorman, reflecting on his early years in film making. “The brutal reality of the movie business is that if you don’t make money for your masters, you are banished.”
movie makers. More likely, their primary concerns include: ‘Will I enjoy this movie? Is it worth the price of admission? Will I find the film shocking or offensive? Is it appropriate for my children?’ How can you answer such
questions when deciding which movies you will see?